Description: Combined with a history of violent conflict, the greater Horn of Africa subregion has offered an enabling environment for violent extremism for more than a half century. CGCC and partners recently conducted a pilot demonstration project in coastal Kenya and Somaliland and produced this report, which offers insight into local perceptions of violent extremism and details an approach to countering the phenomenon based on key drivers identified by participating communities.

This report presents the findings of a pilot demonstration project conducted by CGCC to assess community attitudes towards violent extremism and the impact of international prevention programming undertaken in Kenya and Somaliland. This report seeks to provide insight into how local community members perceive relevant international actors and their interventions; how these community members perceive the extent and impact of violent extremism; and how relevant international actors are contributing or can best contribute to context-sensitive CVE programming in partnership with local communities.

The report offers a series of recommendations on how relevant international actors can best contribute to context-sensitive CVE programming in partnership with local communities.

- Design a context-sensitive approach to programming based on local needs and community perceptions.

- Strengthen local ownership by integrating community participation in the inception, design, implementation, and evaluation of local programming.

- Deepen and share the regional knowledge base on violent extremism.

- Design and evaluate programming based on desired impacts using principles and best practices in measurement and evaluation from related fields, including the use of baseline perception surveys.

- Develop national-level communication and coordination platforms to improve collaboration among local and international partners, articulate shared goals, and capitalize on comparative advantages.

- Improve communication and cooperation among key donors and multilateral bodies.

The pilot demonstration project was designed and implemented throughout 2012. It was led by the CGCC East Africa team, based in New York, along with researchers from Integrity Research and Consultancy; the Kenya Muslim Youth Alliance (KMYA); and the Observatory of Violence and Conflict Prevention (OCVP).

Supplementary Film: “Local Perceptions on Violent Extremism in Kenya”

This short film was produced to capture local perspectives on the impact of violent extremism on their communities. Community activists, religious and civil society leaders, and local experts from Nairobi and Coast Province share their thoughts and suggest ways to overcome challenges in the Kenyan context. It can be viewed at https://vimeo.com/56780867.

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