With increasing numbers of terrorism offenders in custodial settings across the globe, effectively managing this specific prison population and ensuring that violent extremist radicalization does not spread through the system have become key priorities for many governments. Certain prisons seem to have become incubators for radicalization and recruitment, while others have managed to curb violent extremism and promote reform, supported by the implementation of good prison standards and practices of positive treatment. The challenges are many and complex: How can violent extremist radicalization and de-radicalization be identified? How to prevent already radicalized individuals from spreading their ideology and actively radicalizing or recruiting others among the general inmate population? What kind of interventions can be undertaken to prevent, reduce, or counter violent extremist radicalization within the correctional system?
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