Description: Despite the considerable efforts by governments in North Africa, many of which predate the attacks of 11 September 2001, the terrorist threat there remains acute. The rapid growth of entwined transnational terrorist and other criminal networks operating between North Africa and the Sahel may be one of the most immediate causes of instability in the region. After providing an overview of the terrorist threats and vulnerabilities confronting North Africa, as well the region’s capacities to address the threat and obstacles to cooperation, this policy brief, published by Real Instituto Elcano, highlights the potential significance of the United Nations Counter-Terrorism Strategy for the region. Among other things, the brief explains how this UN instrument could contribute to a recalibration of counterterrorism efforts in North Africa and to a strengthening of cooperation both among regional stakeholders and between the region and external partners, including the European Union, the United Nations, and the United States.

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