Description: This report provides an overview of the evolving terrorism threat in North Africa and analyzes how states in the subregion working with external partners, including the United Nations, European Union, and United States, can improve subregional counterterrorism-related cooperation. In particular, the report argues that because of its universal membership and distance from the politics of the region, the United Nations can play a unique role in catalyzing this cooperation.
The report is based on a series of consultations with representatives from states in the subregion, the United Nations, and relevant regional and subregional organizations as well as nongovernmental experts. Those consultations included a meeting cohosted by the Islamic Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (ISESCO) at its headquarters in Rabat, which included counterterrorism focal points and other representatives from states in the subregion. The project builds on recommendations made at a November 2007 conference held by ISESCO, the United Nations, the Organization of the Islamic Conference, and the Tunisian government in Tunis.