Description: Fragile states offer sites of competitive advantage for militant organizations, criminal networks, and political leaders. Collaboration among them may benefit all three—financing militancy, protecting crime, and securing political control. Yet, the international community currently lacks a coherent approach to tackling organized crime in conflict-affected communities. This report, published by the Norwegian Peacebuilding Resource Centre, argues that there are normative, analytical, and practical obstacles to the development of an effective response. The report offers a series of practical recommendations for developing a more strategic response.